Buggy, Pram, Strollers and All-terrain Pushchairs

This article clarifies the distinction between a pram, buggy, pushchair and travel system.

Baby buggies, prams and strollers, are wheeled carriages used to carry babies, infants and toddlers. A typical baby pram is like a cradle where babies can lie and usually comes with 4 wheels and a handle.

A stroller allows a toddler to sit in an upright position and while it is very popular with parents and babysitters in the US,  it is becoming increasingly popular with parents in the UK and Europe.


A pram is short for perambulator, “one who walks or perambulates,” which gained the meaning “baby carriage” in the 1850s. Prams have enclosed carriages with a soft flat base that allows a parent to place a baby in lying position – to sleep – while walking them. They usually also have a large canopy, sometimes half covering the carriage, to safeguard the infants from the sun, dust and other weather elements. Finally, they have wheels that permit you to simply push the carriage.

A pram is fundamentally a carrycot on brakes. Every pram allows a toddler to lie-flat and is mainly used during the first six weeks of this lifetime. A few buggies have a removable carrycot or carrycot that transforms into a stroller or buggy chair.

The benefits of using a pram, as opposed to the usual buggy are that they have a lie-flat base, in the pram allowing a baby to lie down entirely horizontal.   In addition, they are usually quite spacious, airy and open giving a whole new perspective to the world the baby can see. However, some prams can be large and cumbersome.

The framework of many prams can fold however due to the sheer size of some, many pram models are considered a nuisance to put away.


The stroller is also referred to as a baby carriage or buggy. Strollers are designed as upright chairs that allow seat in a reclined or upright position. The seats have restraint system consisting of harness, seatbelt, and crotch strap that secure the baby in sitting position. Many come with hoods or rain covers that protect that protect the babies from weather.

Difference between pram and Stroller

Pram and stroller are used interchangeably; but, their main difference is that prams are used to carry newborn babies until they’re able to sit up while strollers are used to carry toddlers or infants who are already able to sit up.

Another important difference between the two is prams are large and heavy, which is not a good choice for transporting babies around shopping malls. Strollers, on the other hand, are light-weight and most models of strollers are collapsible. In addition, prams’ carriages are high whereas the strollers’ seats ride low to the bottom.

There are some baby carriages that are a hybrid of prams and strollers that are sensible to shop for. This allows you to have the option of not changing the carriage quickly as your baby gets older. However, it is also important to choose the simplest pram with the comfort of your baby uppermost in your mind.

Travel systems

A travel system is simply a buggy with a detachable car seat. It is basically a type of pushchair that is compatible with a rear-facing car seat and usually a carrycot. The car seat and carrycot can both click in and out of the pushchair, which can be handy when you have a sleeping baby who you don’t want to wake.

The car seat attaches to the buggy by clicking or slotting it in or attaching via special adaptors. The idea of a car seat is to make it easy to move your baby from car to buggy.

Buying one can be an economical way of buying both pushchair and a separate car seat. The carrycot can also be used as an alternative to a Moses basket for your baby to sleep in at night, making it easy to get your baby out if you need to breastfeed.

Advantages of travel systems?

  • You can easily move your baby from your car to the pushchair and have your baby facing you when in the pushchair.
  • You only need to make one purchase decision. As you basically get a pushchair, car seat and carrycot all rolled into one.

Disadvantages of travel systems?

  • You might need to buy another car seat when your baby outgrows her first one.
  • Some models make fitting the car seat to the pushchair chassis a fiddly process, so it’s important to try before you buy.

3 wheeler pushchair

A 3wheeler pushchair has just one wheel in the front end and also 2 in the rear of this staircase. The front wheel is usually free to either swivel or might be secured, allowing the pushchair to move in a straight line.

If you want a buggy that will cope with all types of terrain from busy high streets to woodland tracks, then a three-wheeler pushchair is for you.

A 3-wheeler pushchair makes manoeuvring around urban and off-road areas an easy task.

Why should you buy a three-wheel pushchair? 
Three-wheelers offer two main benefits over four-wheeled pushchairs. Firstly, many are designed for use off-road, so you can explore the countryside or head off across a sandy beach without difficulty. The second advantage is that the single front wheel makes them easy to manoeuvre, even with a single hand.

A three-wheeled buggy is stable enough to hang bags from – so think about this if you’re going to be out shopping or doing the school run.

Where will you use it? 
Your first step in the buying process should be to consider where you’re most likely to use the pushchair. If you plan to take it out of an urban environment, you should choose a model with air-filled tyres.

Also referred to as pneumatic tyres, these can cope with non-paved tracks and will take you over most surfaces including sand, mud and rock. These buggies, often known as ‘all-terrain’, also have a swivelling front wheel that can be locked to add stability over really rough ground.

ATP — All Terrain Pushchair

An all-terrain-pushchair (ATP) is intended for usage off road in addition to all around the town. It usually is bigger than the usual normal pushchair and most models come equipped with air-filled tyres. Also referred to as pneumatic tyres, these can cope with non-paved tracks and will take you over most surfaces including sand, mud and rock.

The chassis, or framework, is powerful and also build to withstand the bumps that can come with travelling off-road. Most ATPs are 3 wheelers with a leading detachable wheel allowing it to be manoeuvred easily through rough areas.

The main let-down of the ATP is its size. While very versatile, they are sometimes very large, making it nearly impossible to fold away into a small space in your household.